What is it?
Barbiturates are prescription sedatives. Barbiturates that are commonly
abused include amobarbital (Amytal), pentobarbital (Nembutal), and secobarbital
does it look like?
Barbiturates come in multi-colored tablets and capsules.
are the street names/slang terms for it?
Barbs, red devils, goof balls, yellow jackets, block busters, pinks, reds
and blues, Christmas trees.
is it used?
These sedatives are used most often to treat unpleasant effects of illicit
stimulants, to reduce anxiety, and to get "high". Short-acting
barbiturates such as pentobarbital and secobarbital are the preferred
drugs of abuse. They are swallowed or injected. Commonly called "sleeping
pills" or "downers" and often used on the street in combination
with stimulants such as cocaine, amphetamines, and crystal meth/crank.
are its short-term effects?
Short-term effects include slurred speech, shallow breathing, sluggishness,
fatigue, and disorientation, lack of coordination, dilated pupils. Barbiturates
mimic alcohol inebriation causing mild euphoria, disinhibition, and relief
of anxiety and sleepiness. Higher doses cause impairment of memory, judgment
and coordination, irritability, paranoid and suicidal ideation.
are its long-term effects?
Tolerance develops quickly and larger doses are used, increasing the
danger of an overdose. In an overdose or when taken with other drugs like
alcohol, death is due to depression of the respiratory center in the brain.
Withdrawal symptoms: Include tremors, elevated blood pressure and pulse,
sweating, and possible seizures.